- Patriarch of Constantinople (qq.v.) from 1266-1275, and again from 1282-1283. He pardoned Michael VIII (q.v.) for blinding John IV Laskaris (q.v.), something Joseph's predecessor, Arsenios Autoreianos (q.v.), had been unwilling to do. However, the Arsenites (q.v.), who considered Joseph I illegitimate, rallied around Joseph as a hero when he was deposed in 1275 for refusing to accept the union of the churches (q.v.) at the Council of Lyons (q.v.) in 1274. After Michael VIII's death in 1282 the pro-Unionist John XI Bekkos (q.v.) was deposed and Joseph I returned briefly as patriarch before his death in 1283.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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